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Search by: forest
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Page: Forests more diversely structured Creation Date: 13.08.2018

element of the forest’s horizontal structure. German forests are dominated by mixed forests, with 76 % of the area percentage. Pine forests, with an area percentage of 57% admixture or spruce forests with 71 [...] Douglas fir forest cover) and in oak forest cover (44 % of oak forest cover). The remaining area (seed, coppice shoots, unclassified) makes up a mere 2 %. What is a mixed forest? Description of the screen [...] (58 %). Forests in which trees of various species and sizes occur together offer the greatest structural diversity. These are often beech forests or oak forests. Even the rare fir forests often exhibit structures
nature, today’s forest area would be made up of 75% beech forests and 17% oak forests. Where beech forests would naturally grow, today only 21% beech forests stand; 34% are spruce forests and 17% are pine [...] pine forests. On the area of natural oak forest communities, today only 14% oak forests grow; 55% are pine forests. The naturalness of the tree species composition in the main forest cover changed only slightly [...] particularly high among beech forests (84%) and fir forests (68%). It is especially low among pine forests at 15%. The investments made in the semi-natural transformation of forest stands are apparent, however

Page: More deadwood found than ten years ago Creation Date: 13.08.2018

In earlier times, most of the deadwood was removed from the forests and used to supply the population with fuel. Today, sustainable forest management practices actively strive to retain a suitable amount [...] More deadwood found than ten years ago Deadwood is part of the natural life cycle of the forest. It occurs when trees die and their timber decomposes. Description of the screen element: Deadwood stock [...] breeding places. Deadwood is therefore an important factor for biological diversity. In the German forests there are on average 20.6 cubic metres of deadwood per hectare and a total of 224 million cubic metres
are located on approximately 593,000 hectares or 5% of the forest area. They are, in most cases (77 %), fen, swamp or lowland riparian forests as well as other wetland biotopes. [...] Specially protected biotopes on five percent of the forest area In addition to the designated and usually signposted protected areas (such as nature protection zones), certain biotopes are protected by [...] by the Federal Nature Conservation Act, Land Nature Conservation Acts or Land Forest Acts wherever they occur. Description of the screen element: Nature conservation area. © sebi1992 - stock.adobe.com Due
approximately 104,000 hectares of the young forest cover and can impede the regeneration of native forest tree species. Its vigour is, however, inferior to that of our forest trees and remains in the understorey [...] occurs on 3 % of the forest area with at least a 10% degree of coverage. The species is most common in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, where it occurs on a little less than 9 % of the forest area. Extensive incidences [...] (Phytolacca americana) . They hardly occur in the forest, however. While invasive herbaceous plant species are not significant area-wise in the forest, one invasive woody species is notable: the black
in our forests, every single one is a part of the forest ecosystem. Trees with special, ecologically significant tree characteristics are an important element of biological diversity in the forests. Description [...] once. The National Forest Inventory found an average of nine trees per hectare possessing ecologically significant characteristics. That is 93 million trees in the entire German forest. Deciduous trees are [...] are in the majority with a share of 60%. The National Forest Inventory recorded approximately 22 million woodpecker or hollow trees, 741,000 eyrie trees and 1 million marked biotope trees. 80% of woodpecker
lists 19 forest habitat types for Germany. The three large-area forest habitat types occurring in Germany – Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests (9110), Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests (9130) and Galio-Carpinetum [...] oak-hornbeam forests (9170) – are surveyed representatively by the National Forest Inventory. They make up approximately 83% of the total area of all forest habitat types in Germany. The other 16 forest habitat [...] the National Forest Inventory in 2012 was the first to uniformly survey and assess parameters on the specific structures and functions of forest habitat types nationwide. The National Forest Inventory lists
The forest resources – timber stock at record high The use of timber in Germany’s forests is sustainable. Less timber was used than grew back in all forest ownership types. Description of the screen element: [...] element: Forest in september. Photo: Reinhold Schönemund With timber stocks of 3.7 billion cubic metres or 336 cubic metres per hectare, Germany holds a top position compared with other countries of Europe [...] Europe. The forests supply timber and create jobs. In Germany more than 1.1 million people are employed in the forestry and timber sector (Seintsch, B. (2013): Cluster Forst und Holz nach neuer Wirtscha

Page: Stock rose again Creation Date: 14.08.2018

located in the private forests. In the past decade, the utilization intensity in the private forests in the average of all size classes was just as high as in the state forests and exceeds it in some Länder [...] European countries. With a total stock of 3.7 billion cubic metres, more timber is standing in German forests than in any other country in the European Union. All types of ownership participate in this stock [...] high stock increase are the productivity of this tree species and the high number of vigorous young forest stands that will take a few decades to reach their harvesting age.
a trend that was ascertained as early as the 2002 National Forest Inventory. If this trend continues, based on the age structure of the forests we can expect that the heavy timber will increase in coming [...] production of materials, or whether heavy timber will increase further in the forest. Description of the screen element: The forests supply timber and create jobs. In Germany more than 1.1 million people are [...] to many of these large-girth trees remaining in the forest until they decompose can, on the one hand, promote the biological diversity of the forests, but on the other hand it reduces quantities of available